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Category Archives: architecture

 

 

Awesome pictures of Mexico City. Actually Mexico City is the largest city in the world, estimated to be around 60 million in the early 90s, but there is such a huge amount of homeless and very very poor people that they aren’t even registered with the city. The 20 million would be the registered citizens more than likely. Mexico seems to have great buildings and houses, exremely creative. If I ever have a chance to go to the city, I wish to go to Santa Fe. The architecture of the city amazed me, the houses, market ares especially.

resource

 

“Postcards from a Green Future” depicts an insightful peep into an unrevealed spectacle. Though the beautiful images are so very indicative of a sustainably green future, a certain element of disarray still prevails owing to unspecific boundaries that are supposed to exist in the future. Both the artists, Liam Young form Tomorrow’s Thoughts Today and Darryl Chen, have remained as secretive as they could be in their projections.

 

The postcards attracted my attention mostly because of my graduation project, which my few last entries were also relevant to. My project covers a utopian narrative of a city, with different zones, all recycling themselves and the other zones in the city that they’re related to within a garden like environment. I was influenced, ideally, by the garden-city utopia of Le Corbusier; it’s about the possibility and sustainability of a dense setting in a park/garden city. To make the city dense yet less crowded is defined in his utopia as ascending or growing vertically; hightening the buildings yet now they’re far away from one another, different from the settling in these above and below scenes of a green future.

“These speculative scenes of “a green future” show us an over-the-top, solar-powered utopia of detached single-family houses and wind turbines, woven together with light rail and renewable energy technologies; it’s an Eden of sprawl spreading out into London’s most distant scattered cityscape.”

la ville contemporaine

This reminded me naturally of Le Corbusier’s La Ville Contemporaine, which I found not really feasible for the already alienating modern society. He proposes a 3-million populated urbanization within a park. That clearly why it’s utopic since there are hundreds of meters of distance between the buildings which renders neighborhood and socialization impossible; and leaves public space as a rotten concept. (below are the images)

Zaha Hadid was born in Iraq, studied at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London in which later she started teaching as an Instructor, in architecture. Later was she became an honorary member of the American Society of Architects. A great story of success she experience in the arena of architecture, she recieved a lot of prices until she came to a state of being referred as a modernist architecture through her references from futuristic paintings and painters in her architectural works. Her architectural drawings are counted as artworks or paintings to be more clear, by many, rather than being technical drawings.

Two competing sides of modernism in architecture can be called as the Bauhaus and the avant-garde De Stijl in Russia, which Hadid’s framework is more referring to. De Stijl, compared to the industrial-based Bauhaus, is more aiming for creating new radical forms for and of a society. Malevich, being a headliner in this arena, is one of the biggest influences on Hadid’s early drawings.

Malevich's Arkitekton,1923

Malevich is the creator of the Suprematist movement in painting. His abstraction was in a higly mode of “change”, a spiritual change we are mostly talking about. Hadid was strongly amused by this suprematism, about which she has written her thesis, as a beginning point, choosing her territory as London, where she educated herself.  “Placing it along and across the Thames in central London, she left no doubt—to the cognoscenti, at least—as to her ideological position: she was reviving a neglected, almost stillborn modernist ideal and inserting it into the contemporary world.”

Hadid- Malevich's Tektonik London Project,1977

Zaha Hadid, Office Building, Berlin, 1986
Zaha Hadid, Vitra Firestation design stidy, 1990

 

“The change in Zaha Hadid’s drawings—fragmentation giving way to fluid form—was already evident in her drawings analyzing the farming landscape around the Vitra factory site for the Firestation project. These impart a linear dynamic that comes together in the powerful thrust of the little building. The vision here is no longer about breaking up and scattering. Rather, it is about gathering together and directing. It is also about the making of unified, and unifying, forms. As with other questions about which she has given no explanation or insight, we are left to puzzle out the reasons for this change in her drawings and the designs they describe.”

— Lebbeus Woods

“In The Spyfrost Project, photographer David Trautrimas hypothesizes the origins of iconic modern appliances by reassembling them into top secret, Cold War era military outposts. These skunkwork structures, hybrids of both machinery and architecture, stand as colossal weaponized  ancestors to common objects such as refrigerators, lawnmowers and washing machines. Fashioned with aspiring futurism, yet an ominous sense of militaristic purpose, these installations link the parallel development of capitalism’s postwar consumer culture and the Military Industrial Complex.”

In each and every one of his works, one can realize how cleverly Trautrimas has merged specific pieces of different devices in such harmonious way, rendering each scene as a city scene out of those industrial objects. Besides its aesthetic appeal, the context of his works influenced me a lot. The technical blending of the images with real landscapes renders his work perfect. Below are several images of his industrial complex.


 

Above are his city meshes, and below are more illustrative and conceptual serigraphs of him.

The artist “re-purposes” daily house objects to form fantasy cities immersing them into real landscapes. He applies his works in the name of a  modernist architect. I fell for his works first, then his statement and the way he assembles his idea into what he calls the Habitat Machines. For the rest of his works and full statement, visit.

“My name is Victor Timofeev, and these are some of my drawings. I started drawing when I got injured three years ago. Alone with a lot of newfound free time, I picked up a pen and pencil and started sketching. The images evoked were always on the dark side, only because my soul was full of negative energy I needed to release. The process of creation became therapeutic, as well as a daily necessity. Looking back, I am almost glad I got hurt and discovered this new life. Everything happens for a reason, right?”

— Viktor Timofeev

august 27th 2007. Section of a house revealing the form within .9.5 x 13.ink and graphite on Ingres paper.

 

Art happens. It happens by chance, by mistake, by wish, by sorrow, by extreme anger. Victor Timofeev‘s art happened to be by this last one. Not long ago, Timofeev found himself drawing after a dreadful skateboard accident. He subjected the event and its after effects in his art, reflecting all his inside frustrations and thrust. He had his red-black period, yet in time he got to incorporate architectural geometry patterns with sprayful, illustrative illusions. They sum up to create a an obsessive poetry on paper. Likewise, in his early works he used text repeatedly, as obsessive, to create a background pattern. He has his times for his colors.


august 7th 2007. Abstract forms derived from the study of the plans for the Museo della citta contemporanea di Venezia .9.5 x 13.ink and graphite on Ingres paper.

Again about architecture, and I should state now that I have a separate affection for it. Lend Pencil Studio is a project with a statement of a new voice in the emerging field created from the interdisciplinary overlap of architecture and site specific art. The Lead Pencil Studio (of Annie Han and Daniel Mihalyo) built Lawrimore’s gallery.

Here is their flickr account.

 

 

One more thing, they also have a perfect actionscrip 3 based website, it’s aesthetically very sophisticated.

 

The Romanesque and Gothic manuscripts presented together in the source readings, this combination directly took my mind to a subject I’m heavily interested in; these styles reflection on architecture since the period of their emergence.

Some 6 orr 7 years ago, I’ve been to a Prague-Vienna(sequentially) vacation, architecture not being a subject of my life but just an enough interest in it, I was amazed by the difference between where I live and how those two cities were constructed. The regular buildings, especially in Prague were extremely brutal, for me and probably for the rest of the world. Besides their massive appearance, they also looked pretty dark in color, giving a reference for their birth dates. The city’s big your body’s small, your body’s short the city’s tall.

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of the medieval era in Europe, clearly recognized by their pointed arches. The synthesis of Roman and Byzantine styles ended up massive, tall and thick buildings, mostly out of concrete. Besides the thickness of the walls, other characteristics that help you recognize a romanesque style are the round/pointed arches, peaking towers and decorated arcading. They have a uniquely defined form, and one significant detail about romanesque constructions is that they are mostly planned to be built symmetrically. This actually is one key factor that differentiates romanesque from the gothic.

Many medieval period castles and churches are built in romanesque style:

 

 

Back to Prague, there are several significant Romanesque style buildings in the city that I remember of.

St. George’s Rotunda(above)

 

Lund Cathedral(above)

 

Gothic architecture is an extension of the romanesque architecture, that also blossomed out during the medieval.  Gothic architecture emerged in France(Europe in general) and for a while was known as the French Style in architecture. The style’s details are the pointed arch likewise the romanesque, yet two other units as a ribbed vault and and the flying buttress.

Gothic architecture is also used in the construction of churches and cathedrals as a matter of fact, but besides those units, also palaces and universities are two other area of practice. What I experiences in Prague and Vienna was a transition of emotions, in a brutal sense.

Besides the above mentioned districts, England is another considerable location -which I visited this summer for an architectural photography course- and also Italy and Spain- Barcelona expecially.

“The architectural style of Sagrada Familia has been called “warped Gothic,” and it’s easy to see why. The rippling contours of the stone façade make it look as though Sagrada Familia is melting in the sun, while the towers are topped with brightly-colored mosaics which look like bowls of fruit. Gaudí believed that color is life, and, knowing that he would not live to see completion of his masterpiece, left colored drawings of his vision for future architects to follow.” (http://architecture.about.com/od/greatbuildings/ig/Antoni-Gaud-/Sagrada-Familia-.htm)

 

The Barbican Centre, in London, which I visited several times this summer, was built after World War II. The centre is a huge complex of the gallery, theater etc which synthesizes function and form, either one following the other as a general term of architectural study. At the edge of the Barbican complex, you can still see remnants of the medieval city walls, which are also characterized as Gothic. The Barbican Trade Building itself cannot be recalled as in Gothic style yet as London is a garden-city, constructed out of low base buildings, the Barbican is way too complex and brutal for the rest of the city.

Here are a few photos I have taken during my visits, that could give an idea about the complex structure of the centre: